Carbon

Carbon Steel is an alloy where carbon is the main element, containing up to 2.0% carbon by weight, along with a variety of other elements.

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Carbon

Carbon Steel is an alloy where carbon is the main element. Typically, Carbon Steel contains up to 2.0% carbon by weight, along with a variety of other elements, such as manganese or silicon, depending on the desired attributes and physical properties.

Carbon steel can be categorized into 3 types based on its carbon content:

  • Low-Carbon Steel or Mild Steel: It is the most widely used form of carbon steel, with a carbon content of less than 0.25%. This metal is relatively weaker and softer but more easily welded and ductile, and are often used to machine and weld for a low cost
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  • Medium-Carbon Steel: Contains a carbon content of 0.25-0.6%, and a manganese content of 0.6-1.65%, these metals can be improved via heat treatment. This steel is stronger but less ductile than lower-carbon steels.
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  • High-Carbon Steel or Carbon Tool Steel: Is the hardest and toughest carbon steel, with the lowest ductility, very wear-resistant and almost always hardened and tempered. High Carbon steel contains a carbon content from 0.6-1.25% and a manganese of 0.3-0.9%

 

MaterialGradeCompositionType
Carbon1018Fe (98.81-99.26%), C (0.18%), Mn (0.60-0.90%), P (0.04%), S (0.05%)Cold Finish or Hot Rolled
Carbon1040Fe (98.6-99%), C (0.40%), Mn (0.60-0.90%), P (0.04%), S (0.05%)Cold Finish or Hot Rolled
Carbon1045Fe (98.51-98.98%), C (0.45%), Mn (0.60-0.90%), P (0.04%), S (0.05%)Cold Finish or Hot Rolled
Carbon1144Fe (97.50 – 98.01%), C (0.44%), Mn (1.35 – 1.65%), P (0.04%), S (0.240 – 0.330%)Cold Finish or Hot Rolled
Carbon12L14Fe (97.91 – 98.7%), C (0.14%), Mn (0.85 – 1.15%), P (0.040 – 0.090%), S (0.260 – 0.35%), Pb (0.15 – 0.35)Cold Finish or Hot Rolled
Carbon1215Fe (98.42 – 98.95%), C (0.09%), Mn (0.75 – 1.05%), P (0.040 – 0.090%), S (0.260 – 0.35%)Cold Finish or Hot Rolled

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