Different Applications of Carbon Steel

Carbon Steel has a carbon range between 0.04% and 1.5%. It is the most common production metal available, making up to about 90% of steel production.

Carbon steel is often categorized by carbon content:

Mild Carbon Steel

Mild carbon steel includes carbon steel containing 0.04% up to 0.30% carbon content. It is also known as “low carbon steel.”

Mild Carbon Steel Properties

  • Highly Machinability
  • High ductility
  • High weldability
  • Cost-effective

Applications for Mild Carbon Steel

  • Automotive components
  • Structural steel
  • Wiring
  • Consumer appliances
  • Machinery
  • Forgings
  • Tubing

Medium Carbon Steel

Medium carbon steel includes steel with carbon content ranging from 0.30% up to 0.60%.

Medium Carbon Steel Properties

  • Medium strength
  • Medium ductility
  • Low hardenability
  • Heat-treatable

Applications for Medium Carbon Steel

  • Automotive components such as gears or axels
  • Machine parts

High Carbon Steel

High carbon steel includes steel with carbon content ranging from 0.60% up to 1.50%.

High Carbon Steel Properties

  • High hardness
  • High strength
  • Low machinability
  • Low ductility

High Carbon Steel Applications

  • Tooling
  • Die casting
  • Steel bars
  • Railways
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